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Paula T. Dow,
Attorney General

Division of Consumer Affairs
Thomas R. Calcagni, Acting Director



For Immediate Release:
January 28, 2011

For Further Information Contact: Jeff Lamm, 973-504-6327


Division of Consumer Affairs Urges Computer Users to Guard Themselves Against Internet Snoops

NEWARK - The Office of the Attorney General and Division of Consumer Affairs today reminded computer users to protect their personal information by checking the privacy settings on social Web sites and using secured networks.

Today is International Data Privacy Day, noted State Attorney General Paula T. Dow.

“Data thieves can be anywhere in the world. Protecting your personal information starts with you,” Attorney General Paula T. Dow said. “By taking a few simple steps, internet users can bolster their online security.”

Here are three steps internet users can take now to help ensure that they don’t unintentionally compromise your personal information:

  1. Know your privacy settings. A recent industry study found that 21 percent of adult social network users are leaving their profiles open for anyone to see. That’s about 24 million Americans. The same study found that 70 million people have shared their birthplace on social networking sites and 20 million provided their pet’s name. Those are the same details that people are often asked to provide to verify their identity when setting up bank accounts. If you post vacation updates on an open site, you're telling the world – and possibly a burglar – that your home is vacant. There’s also your reputation to consider. According to a 2009 study, 70 percent of human resources professionals have rejected a candidate based on what they found out about the person by searching online. As part of International Data Privacy Day, Facebook is reminding its users to review their privacy setting, found both at the bottom of every Facebook page and in the account settings. With just a few clicks, you can adjust the type of information that strangers, applications and friends can access, as well as control the information they can share about you.

  2. Configure your wireless router to encrypt data. Wireless Internet access is convenient. But you need to activate your router’s encryption feature to better ensure information you transmit over the Web – such as account logins, passwords and credit card numbers -- are scrambled. Read the instructions that come with your wireless router to determine how to turn on the encryption feature. Two main types of encryption are available: WiFi Protected Access (WPA) and Wired Equivalent Privacy (WEP). Your computer, router, and other equipment must use the same encryption. WPA2 is strongest; use it if you have a choice. Change your router’s hardware identifier and preset password so a hacker can’t use the defaults to try to access your network. Of course, you should also use anti-virus and anti-spyware software and a firewall. For help configuring your router, visit

  3. Don’t assume that public “hot spots” are secure. Café, hotel and airport “hot spots” are convenient, but assume that other people can see anything you see or send over a public wireless network.
The Division of Consumer Affairs has an E-Commerce and Technology Unit that focuses on internet fraud and online privacy issues. “The internet is today’s gateway to the world and we want users to take steps to improve their safety as they navigate the internet,” said Thomas R. Calcagni, Acting Director of the Division of Consumer Affairs.

To learn more about improving your safety on the internet, go to and For more information about International Data Privacy Day,


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